- All commercial products show very high binding towards aflatoxins and ENN B
- Very large variety in binding ZEN, a pH effect can also be observed
- Tricothecenes: Difficult to bind at any pH, only one product shows overall binding (DON excluded)
- High recovery of the trichothecenes (DON in particular) in the supernatans. This suggest biotransformation by any binder into less toxic metabolites is minimal
- Fumonisins and ochratoxins are difficult to bind, especially at pH 7. There is a clear pH effect.
Clay based binders can effectively bind aflatoxins and ENN B. The best binding properties for ZEA are found in yeast based binders and some other organic binders. Trichothecenes are difficult to bind for both pH 3 and 7, while fumonisins and ochratoxins are difficult to bind at pH 7
There are differences in mycotoxin binding efficiencies in vitro between commercial products, although some commercial binders have a higher binding efficiency towards specific mycotoxins.