Necrotic enteritis and coccidiosis are important diseases that affect the poultry industry worldwide. Butyrate has a multifactorial role in intestinal health and can thus be a solution to manage these diseases. This article discuss the latest insights on coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis in poultry and studies performed on this topic.
In the poultry industry, the difference between making a profit or loss is often determined by the incidence of infectious diseases. Coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis are important concerns globally due to production loss- es, increased mortality, increased veterinarian and medication costs, the reduced welfare of birds and an increased chance of contamination in products for human consumption. Although both diseases have a different pathology, they act synergistically because the development of necrotic enteritis is highly dependent on the intestinal damage caused by coccidiosis. Anti-coccidial drugs and conventional antimicrobial agents can be used to control the pathogenic pressure in a flock. But the emergence of drug-resistant strains, especially after a prolonged use of drugs, is a real problem. The poultry industry therefore needs to search for alternative management and dietary strategies to control coccidiosis and necrotic enteritis. One of the dietary treatments could be the addition of butyrate, an energy source for epithelial cells that reinforces the intestinal barrier function.